Mouth and teeth infections in psychiatric setting at Hôpital du Point-G : Observations on 130 cases.

B Ba, I Konate, D Goita, M Ba, D Kamaté, O Diawara, A Niang, AS Maiga, S Guèye, A Touré, et al.

Résumé


Objective

 The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of mental illness on the oral health status of psychiatric patients.

Materials And Methods

We performed a prospective, transverse and descriptive study based on the observation of the oral lesions in the patients received in psychiatric consultation. It took place in the department of Psychiatry of the Center Hospitalo Universitaire of Point G for one month (from June to July 2014). The target population was known psychiatric patients followed and / or hospitalized during the study period. The data were collected from the medical files and a questionnaire and entered and analyzed with the software Epi info fr 6.0. In 54.40% of patients, brushing of teeth was performed once daily and twice daily in 26.10% of cases.

Results

During the study period, 130 patients were selected according to our inclusion criteria, of which 70.0% were male with a sex ratio of 2.3. The age group 25-34 was the most represented, 31.50%. The majority of our patients had dental abrasion, or 90.80% of the cases. The CAD / D index of our population was 5.22. Halitosis and oral dryness were common in patients with chronic psychosis, respectively 63.5% and 56.90% of cases. Gingivorrhage was observed in 61.10% of patients with chronic psychosis.

Conclusion

This study shows the high frequency of oral infection in a psychiatric setting, hence the interest of a partnership between mental health professionals and those in the oral cavity.

Keywords : Oral infections ; psychiatry ; buccal dryness, CAD index ; Point G Hospital


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